Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

The effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated bovine anterior teeth

      Statement of problem

      Unresolved controversy exists concerning the remaining coronal tooth structure of anterior endodontically treated teeth and the best treatment option for restoring them.


      The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the deformation, fracture resistance, and fracture mode of endodontically treated bovine incisors.

      Material and methods

      One hundred and eighty bovine incisors were selected and divided into 12 treatment groups (n=15). The treatment variations were: with or without ferrule, restored with cast post and core, glass fiber post with composite resin core, or glass fiber post with fiber-reinforced core, and metal- or alumina-reinforced ceramic crown (n=15). The restored incisors were loaded at a 135-degree angle, and the deformation was measured using strain gauges placed on the buccal and proximal root surfaces. Specimens were subsequently loaded to the point of fracture. Strain and fracture resistance results were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (α=.05).


      Ferrule presence did not significantly influence the buccal strain and fracture resistance for the ceramic crown groups, irrespective of core and crown type. Ferrule presence resulted in lower strains and higher fracture resistance in the metal crown groups, irrespective of core. The cast post and core showed lower strain values than groups with glass fiber posts when restored with metal crowns.


      Core type did not affect the deformation and fracture resistance of endodontically treated incisors restored with alumina-reinforced ceramic crowns. The presence of a ferrule improved the mechanical behavior of teeth restored with metal crowns, irrespective of core type.
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