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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

The dietary adequacy of edentulous older adults

  • Author Footnotes
    a Department of Anthropolgy.
    Lawrence P. Greksa
    Correspondence
    Reprint requests to: Dr. Lawrence P. Greksa 245 Mather Memorial Department of Anthropology Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH 44106
    Footnotes
    a Department of Anthropolgy.
    Affiliations
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio USA
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  • Author Footnotes
    b Department of Nutrition.
    Isabel M. Parraga
    Footnotes
    b Department of Nutrition.
    Affiliations
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio USA
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  • Author Footnotes
    c Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry.
    Charles A. Clark
    Footnotes
    c Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry.
    Affiliations
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio USA
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  • Author Footnotes
    a Department of Anthropolgy.
    b Department of Nutrition.
    c Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry.
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      This study tested the null hypothesis that there are no differences in dietary patterns or adequacy between edentulous patients and individuals with nearly complete dentitions. The research design involved comparing the dietary patterns and adequacies of 34 edentulous subjects who regularly wear dentures with 38 subjects who had nearly complete dentitions. The subjects were between the ages of 51 and 83 years and were sampled from patients attending Case Western Reserve University Dental Clinic. Although edentulous subjects were more likely to claim that they had trouble chewing their food, they were not more likely to select easy-to-chew foods. On the other hand, the diet of dentate subjects tended to be superior to that of edentulous subjects, as indicated by a lower fat and cholesterol consumption and a higher consumption of protein and all of the vitamins and minerals (significantly or nearly significantly for vitamin A, ascorbic acid, calcium, and riboflavin).
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