Statement of problem
Hard denture acrylic resins must maintain color stability to remain esthetic.
The purpose of this in vitro study was to measure the color stability of denture resins
subjected to staining agents and cleaned with denture cleansers
Material and methods
Forty-five disks (10-mm diameter, 2-mm thick) fabricated from 3 denture resins (light
polymerized Eclipse; heat polymerized Lucitone 199 Heat; autopolymerized Lucitone
199 Repair) were stored for 24 hours in 37°C water. After baseline colorimetry measurement
were made, the specimens were soaked for 8 hours in a staining agent: coffee, cola,
or grape juice. Subsequently, the specimens were soaked for 12 hours in a commercial
denture cleanser (Polident, GlaxoSmithKline; Efferdent, Prestige Brands Inc) or water
(control). This procedure was repeated every 24 hours. Staining agents and cleansers
were replenished every 24 hours. Color change (ΔE) was determined after 2, 4, 6, and
8 weeks (n=5). Results were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey honest significant
difference test (α=.05).
Significant interaction was found between cleansers and staining agents (P=.006), cleansers and resins (P=.034), and resins and staining agents (P<.001). For the staining agent of grape juice, water allowed more discoloration (ΔE=16.93)
than Efferdent (ΔE=14.41) or Polident (ΔE=14.81); Efferdent and Polident effects were
not significantly different (P=.761). The Lucitone 199 Repair resin cleaned with water discolored more (ΔE=15.24)
than with Efferdent (ΔE=14.14) or Polident (mean ΔE=13.82); the difference between
Polident and Efferdent was not significant (P=.566). For Eclipse, grape juice discolored more (ΔE=16.43) than coffee (ΔE=12.23;
P<.001) or cola (ΔE=13.78; P=.001); coffee and cola staining were not significantly different (P=.071).
Eclipse resin stained most, especially in grape juice. Compared with water, Polident
and Efferdent reduced discoloration better in Lucitone 199 Repair and grape juice
stains. Nevertheless, discolorations in all 3 resins were perceivable, regardless