Research and Education| Volume 122, ISSUE 2, P143-151, August 2019

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Effect of finish line design and metal alloy on the marginal and internal gaps of selective laser melting printed copings


      Statement of problem

      Selective laser melting (SLM) technology has been introduced for printing metal dental restorations from Co-Cr base alloys or Au-Pt high noble alloys. However, information regarding the fit of restorations fabricated by using this technique is limited.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the effect of 3 different finish line designs on the marginal and internal gaps of metal copings made from a base (Co-Cr), high noble (Au-Pd-Ag), and noble alloy (Co-Pd) by using the SLM technology.

      Material and methods

      Three Ivorine right maxillary central incisors were prepared with a chamfer, deep chamfer, or shoulder finish line. The preparations were scanned by using a TRIOS scanner, and a total of 90 dies were printed using DPR 10 Resin (30×3 finish line designs). Ten SLM copings were fabricated for each margin design and metal alloy combination for a total of 90 copings (10×3 finish line designs×3 alloys). Copings were cemented onto dies using an autopolymerizing composite-resin luting material. All coping-die assemblies were sectioned buccolingually by using a low-speed diamond saw, and images were obtained by using an inverted bright field metallurgical microscope at ×100 magnification. Marginal and internal gaps were measured at 5 locations: buccal margin, midfacial, incisal, midlingual, and lingual margin. After gap measurements, representative specimens were embedded in autopolymerizing resin and prepared for metallographic examination. A 2-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to determine the overall significance, followed by ANOVA for each dependent variable (α=.05).


      The results indicated that alloy type and finish line had a significant influence on marginal gap of copings (P<.001). Relative to the internal gap, alloy type had a significant effect (P<.001), but the type of finish line had no statistically significant influence (P=.337). No statistically significant interactions occurred. Base alloys were printed with almost no observable porosity, whereas noble and high noble alloys exhibited hot tears and porosity.


      Thefinish line type did not influence the internal gap between copings and dies, whereas the alloy type influenced the marginal gap between copings and dies. SLM-fabricated Co-Cr copings on teeth prepared with a deep chamfer finish line demonstrated the lowest marginal gap.
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