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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Vertical eruption of anterior maxillary teeth adjacent to single-implant–supported crowns: An assessment after a 3-year follow-up period

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Vertical eruption of teeth adjacent to an implant has been reported clinically and might affect the esthetic outcome over time. The prevalence of the problem is unclear.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this prospective clinical trial was to evaluate the vertical eruption of anterior maxillary teeth adjacent to single-implant crowns after a 3-year follow-up period.

      Material and methods

      Thirty single dental implants were inserted in maxillary anterior sites including the first premolar. The mean age of the participants at implant-supported crown insertion was 48.4 years (range 23 to 79 years). Each implant was restored with a 1-piece screw-retained ceramic single crown. The vertical changes of 60 adjacent anterior maxillary teeth were evaluated from periapical radiographs and casts at baseline, 6, 12, and 36 months.

      Results

      A global ANOVA test showed statistically significant differences for the outcomes of the distance-implant platform and cement-enamel junction (DPC) (P<.001), crown length distal (P=.021) and mesial (P=.035), implant crown length (P=.022), and incisal edge to edge (P<.001).

      Conclusions

      Continuous vertical tooth eruption next to a single dental implant was observed in adult participants.
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