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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Satisfaction with resilient denture liner versus acrylic resin telescopic prostheses for patients with ectodermal dysplasia: A nonrandomized crossover clinical trial

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Patients with ectodermal dysplasia are characterized by anodontia or oligodontia. How their challenging prosthodontic rehabilitation might be optimized is unclear.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this crossover study was to evaluate the effect of resilient denture liner versus acrylic resin copings in complete overdentures for patients with ectodermal dysplasia. Outcome measures included patient satisfaction, retention, and periodontal health of the abutment tooth.

      Material and methods

      Ten partially edentulous participants diagnosed with ectodermal dysplasia were recruited from the Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt, and enrolled in this crossover clinical trial. All participants received acrylic resin coping-retained maxillary complete overdentures (group N, stage 1). The acrylic resin copings were then replaced by a resilient denture liner (group S, stage 2). Patient satisfaction, retention, and periodontal health parameters were evaluated 1 week and 3 months after the completion of each stage. Patient satisfaction was assessed with a validated, reliable questionnaire. The results of the periodontal probing depths were tested with repeated measures ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni correction for pairwise comparisons. Tooth mobility, patient satisfaction, retention, and gingival index were tested by using the Wilcoxon signed ranked test. Ordinal data as the sixth and seventh domains of patient satisfaction were tested by using the McNemar test for paired comparisons (α=.05).

      Results

      Three months after overdenture delivery, a statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding retention (P=.025), probing depth (P<.001), and gingival index (P=.011) favoring the acrylic resin coping-retained overdentures. Results of tooth mobility (P=.035), overall attitude (P=.041), ease of eating (P=.023), denture comfort (P=.024), and degree of teasing (P=.038) on wearing the denture showed a statistically significant difference between the groups, favoring the resilient denture liner.

      Conclusions

      In children with oligodontia and ectodermal dysplasia, the resilient denture liner-retained maxillary complete overdenture enhanced patient satisfaction and tooth mobility of anterior teeth, while minimally jeopardizing the periodontal condition of the abutment teeth.
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