Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Effect of a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture on the surface properties of a cobalt-chromium alloy: A possible disinfectant for removable partial dentures


      Statement of problem

      A vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture has been reported to be effective in eliminating Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus from acrylic resin, and its action has been reported to be comparable with that of sodium hypochlorite or peracetic acid. However, the effects of this mixture on cobalt-chromium alloys remain unknown.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the surface roughness, Knoop microhardness, surface free energy, and wettability of a cobalt-chromium alloy when exposed to a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture.

      Material and methods

      Fifty specimens of cobalt-chromium alloy were fabricated and immersed for 900 minutes, simulating 3 months of a daily 10-minute immersion in the following chemical agents (n=10): distilled water (W); 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (H); 3% hydrogen peroxide and water dilution in 1:1 ratio (HP); white-wine vinegar and water dilution in 1:1 ratio (V); and vinegar and hydrogen peroxide mixture in 1:1 ratio (VHP). Surface roughness, Knoop microhardness, surface free energy, and wettability were measured with single blinding before and after immersions. Data were statistically analyzed by using 2-way repeated measures ANOVA (α=.05).


      The vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture did not affect the surface roughness or Knoop microhardness. However, 0.5% sodium hypochlorite significantly increased the roughness and decreased microhardness. Surface free energy and wettability increased after immersions, regardless of the types of solution.


      Immersion in a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture did not affect the surface characteristics of a cobalt-chromium alloy.
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