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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Fatigue survival of endodontically treated teeth restored with different fiber-reinforced composite resin post strategies versus universal 2-piece fiber post system: An in vitro study

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Various strategies have been proposed to reduce the cement space of foundation restorations for endodontically treated teeth. However, they may add more operative steps, or the dentist must keep different sizes of drills and posts in stock. A 2-piece universal adjustable post system has been developed to overcome this problem, but whether the system has acceptable fatigue survival performance is unclear.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the fatigue survival and stress distribution of endodontically treated teeth without a ferrule and restored with different glass fiber post strategies versus a recently introduced universal 2-piece fiber post system.

      Material and methods

      Bovine incisor roots were randomly assigned to 3 groups as per the post used (n=13): adapted glass fiber post with post space preparation of the same size, composite resin-custom glass fiber post (CTM), and universal 2-piece glass fiber-reinforced composite resin post (UNI). The posts were adhesively luted, the composite resin core was added, and a composite resin crown was produced with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM), and then adhesively luted to each core. A fatigue test was performed with the stepwise stress method (10 000 cycles/step; 20 Hz; load=100 N to 750 N; step=50 N) until fracture, and the failure mode analyzed. The stress distribution was evaluated by finite element analysis with the maximum principal stress criteria by following the parameters of the in vitro test. The solids were considered homogeneous, linear, and isotropic, except for the glass fiber post (orthotropic), and a load of 450 N at 30 degrees was applied. The fatigue failure load and the number of cycles for failure were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier and Mantel-Cox (log rank test) (α=.05). The finite element analysis results were analyzed with colorimetric graphs.

      Results

      The highest fatigue failure load and the number of cycles for failure were found in the UNI system, whereas the lowest results were found in the CTM group. All groups exhibited repairable failures. The finite element analysis showed the lowest stress in root dentin in the UNI system. The CTM system had the largest stress regions at the dentin and dentin-core interface.

      Conclusions

      The use of a 2-piece universal glass fiber post system resulted in more fatigue behavior compared with composite resin-custom glass fiber posts.
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