Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Research and Education| Volume 129, ISSUE 3, P449-455, March 2023

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Microcomputed tomography void analysis after cement cleanup methods


      Statement of problem

      Cement at the restorative margin after implementation of the manufacturer’s recommended procedure for cement cleanup has not been extensively evaluated.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to use microcomputed tomography (μCT) to evaluate the number, volume, and width of voids left at the margin when dental cement is cleaned during the cementation process as per 2 manufacturer-prescribed methods for cement cleanup by evaluating a self-adhesive resin cement and a resin-modified glass ionomer cement.

      Material and methods

      Twenty molar Ivorine Typodont prepared teeth were scanned, and lithium disilicate crowns were milled and cemented to the prepared teeth as per the manufacturer-recommended cementation process. Two methods of cement cleanup were performed: the excess cement was tack-polymerized with a polymerization light, or a delay of 3 minutes was used for the excess cement to reach partial polymerization, and the excess cement was removed with a sharp sickle scaler. These 2 methods of cement cleanup were performed with 2 cements: a resin-modified glass ionomer cement and a self-adhesive resin. Each specimen was then scanned with a μCT machine. The buccal margin of each specimen, from mesiobuccal line angle to distobuccal line angle, was examined, and the number, volume, and width of any voids remaining at the margin open to the environment were measured. For statistical analysis, the specimens were first grouped by method of cement cleanup and then grouped by cement type. The Wilcoxon ranked sum test was implemented because of the lack of a normal distribution and the heterogeneity of the data (α=.05).


      No statistically significant difference was found in the median number of voids, median volume of voids, or median width per void between the 2 cleanup methods, irrespective of cement type (P>.05). Significant differences were found in the median number of voids, median volume of voids, and median width per void when comparing cement types, irrespective of cement cleanup methods (P<.05).


      The choice of cement may be more important than the method of cement cleanup when considering voids left at the margin. Microcomputed tomography is an excellent nondestructive tool for volumetric measurements of voids at the margin.
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