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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Clinical Research| Volume 129, ISSUE 3, P425-432, March 2023

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Association of interleukin-1, interleukin-6, collagen type I alpha 1, and osteocalcin gene polymorphisms with early crestal bone loss around submerged dental implants: A nested case control study

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      The reason for variations in peri-implant early crestal bone loss is unclear but may be due to genetic differences among individuals.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this nested case control study was to investigate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of interleukin-1, interleukin-6, collagen type I alpha1, and osteocalcin genes to early crestal bone loss around submerged dental implants.

      Material and methods

      Dental implants were placed in the mandibular posterior region (single edentulous space) of 135 participants selected according to predetermined selection criteria. Bone mineral density measurement by using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, cone beam computed tomography scans at the baseline and after 6 months, and interleukin-1A-889 A/G (rs1800587), interleukin-1B-511 G/A (rs16944), interleukin-1B+3954 (rs1143634), interleukin-6-572 C/G (rs1800796), collagen type I alpha1 A/C (rs1800012), and osteocalcin C/T (rs1800247) genotyping were performed in all participants. Early crestal bone loss measured around dental implants was used to group participants into clinically significant bone loss (BL)>0.5 mm and clinically nonsignificant bone loss (NBL)≤0.5 mm. Early crestal bone loss was calculated as the mean of the difference of bone levels at the baseline and bone levels after 6 months as measured with cone beam computed tomography scans. The obtained data for basic characteristics, early crestal bone loss, and genotyping were tabulated and compared by using a statistical software program (α=.05).

      Results

      AA genotype and the A allele frequency of interleukin-1B-511 and GG genotype and the G allele frequency of interleukin-6-572 were significantly higher in BL than in NBL (P<.05). Multiple logistic analysis suggested that interleukin-1B-511 AA/GG+AG and interleukin-6-572 GG/CC+CG genotype expression were significantly associated with early crestal bone loss (AA/GG+AG; P=.014, GG/CC+CG; P=.047) around dental implants. Other risk factors were not significantly different (P>.05).

      Conclusions

      Of the genes studied, individuals with interleukin-1B-511 AA (rs16944) or interleukin-6-572 GG (rs1800796) genotype had higher susceptibility to early crestal bone loss around dental implants.
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