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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Volumetric and dimensional accuracy assessment of CAD-CAM–manufactured dental prostheses from different materials

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      In computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) dentistry, the CAD of the prosthesis represents the clinical prerequisite design to restore the treated tooth. However, how closely the CAM prosthesis shape matches the CAD, particularly in relation to different materials, is unclear.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate onlays designed and manufactured with the same CAD-CAM system but manufactured with different materials.

      Material and methods

      A single standard tessellation language (STL) model was used to produce 6 composite resin onlays, 6 leucite glass-ceramic onlays, and 6 lithium disilicate glass-ceramic onlays. The onlays were digitized by using an X-ray microtomographic protocol with a metrological calibration. The CAD model was then compared with the scans of the different onlays. An analysis by region of interest was then carried out to assess the accuracy and reliability of the dimensional accuracy.

      Results

      The composite resin and the lithium disilicate glass-ceramic had the best dimensional accuracy. The leucite glass-ceramic exhibited a lack of trueness linked to consistent overmilling. The composite resin had less peripheral chipping than the glass-ceramics.

      Conclusions

      The composite resin and the lithium disilicate glass-ceramic material exhibited satisfactory dimensional accuracy. Milling the glass-ceramic before crystallization considerably improved dimensional accuracy.
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