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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Evaluating the osteogenic potential of insulin-like growth factor-1 microspheres on osteoblastic activity around dental implants in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using bone scintigraphy: A split-mouth randomized controlled trial

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Dental implants are susceptible to early failure when placed in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The osteoinductive potential of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been widely investigated in animals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but studies investigating the osteoinductive potential of IGF-1 around dental implants in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus are lacking.

      Purpose

      This randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the osteogenic efficacy of poly(lactide-co-glycolide)– (PLGA) encapsulated IGF-1 microspheres around dental implants placed in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

      Material and methods

      A split-mouth, randomized controlled trial was conducted in 10 participants diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with bilaterally missing mandibular posterior teeth. The 20 sites were randomly allotted to receive the PLGA encapsulated IGF-1 or placebo microspheres followed by the placement of Ø3.8×11-mm implants. Osteoblastic activity was quantitatively assessed with bone scintigraphy scanning on the thirtieth, sixtieth, and 90th day after implant placement. The Shapiro-Wilks test was used to analyze the normality of data, followed by the independent t test to compare the experimental and placebo groups. Intragroup comparison was performed by using repeated-measures ANOVA and the post hoc Bonferroni test (α=.05).

      Results

      Statistical analysis revealed that the mean osteoblastic activity was higher in the experimental group which received the PLGA–encapsulated IGF-1 than in the placebo group at the 30th, 60th, and 90th day after implant placement (P≤.001).

      Conclusions

      This randomized controlled trial indicated that the PLGA–encapsulated sustained release of IGF-1 microspheres enhanced the process of osseointegration in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus until the 90th day after implant placement.
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