Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Effect of different fabrication methods of occlusal devices on periradicular stress distribution: A photoelastic analysis


      Statement of problem

      Investigations on the effectiveness of new methods for optimizing the fabrication of oral devices are lacking.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate stress distribution with photoelastic analysis in the periradicular area of teeth supporting occlusal devices fabricated by 5 different processes.

      Material and methods

      The occlusal devices were fabricated by vacuum thermoforming, heat-polymerized acrylic resin, chemical polymerized acrylic resin, 3-dimensional printing, and milling (computer-aided manufacturing). The devices were evaluated regarding initial fit, number of adjustments for passive fit, and stress distribution under 100-N and 400-N loads in the periradicular locations of posterior teeth.


      The 3-dimensional printing device did not require any adjustment for initial adaptation to the photoelastic model and presented a little friction with the model. The heat-polymerized acrylic resin device did not seat initially, requiring more sites of adjustment until passive adaptation. At 100-N and 400-N loads, the use of the computer-aided manufacturing occlusal device resulted in the lowest stresses in periradicular areas (0.744 and 1.583, respectively), and the 3-dimensional printing occlusal device produced the highest stresses with a 400-N load application (2.427). The lowest mean of fringe pattern was observed for the computer-aided manufacturing device, and the highest mean of fringe pattern was observed for the vacuum thermoforming device.


      The computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing milled occlusal device presented the best initial adaptation and transferred lower stresses to the periradicular areas than the other evaluated devices.
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