Research and Education| Volume 129, ISSUE 5, P769-776, May 2023

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Evaluation of the marginal and internal gaps of partially crystallized versus fully crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate CAD-CAM crowns: An in vitro comparison of the silicone replica technique, direct view, and 3-dimensional superimposition analysis

Published:September 01, 2021DOI:


      Statement of problem

      The crystallization process of lithium disilicate crowns has been reported to cause dimensional change, but whether the fit of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufactured (CAD-CAM) zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate crowns is affected is unclear.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate with a 3-dimensional superimposition analysis technique the marginal and internal adaptation of fully crystallized versus partially crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic CAD-CAM fabricated crowns. Additionally, the silicone replica technique and direct viewing of marginal gap values were compared with the 3-dimensional superimposition analysis technique.

      Material and methods

      The marginal and internal adaptation of a fully crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (CELTRA DUO) were compared with those of a partially crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (VITA SUPRINITY) after crystallization. Sixteen crowns (n=8) were fabricated with a chairside CAD-CAM system. The crowns and die and crown assembly were scanned with an optical scanner for the 3-dimensional superimposition analysis. Four hundred sixty-eight measurements were made for each crown, 78 in each 2-dimensional section. Marginal discrepancy was measured by using the direct viewing technique. The internal adaptation of the shoulder area, axial space, and occlusal space was measured by using the silicone replica technique. Both gap values were compared with the 3-dimensional superimposition analysis results by using the independent t test. The 2-way ANOVA was used to detect the effect of each variable (group and site) (α=.05).


      The VITA SUPRINITY crowns showed statistically higher marginal discrepancy values than the CELTRA DUO crowns in both 3-dimensional superimposition analysis and the direct viewing method, and the lingual aspect recorded the highest marginal discrepancy mean value when compared with other aspects. The 3-dimensional superimposition analysis and the direct viewing method were statistically similar (P=.076). The VITA SUPRINTY crowns showed higher internal gap mean values than the CELTRA DUO crowns in both 3-dimensional superimposition analysis and silicone replica techniques. The occlusal space recorded the highest mean value in both groups. Assessment by 3-dimensional superimposition analysis and silicone replica techniques showed statistical difference in internal gap values (P=.04).


      CELTRA DUO showed better precision fit values than VITA SUPRINITY. Three-dimensional superimposition analysis is a reliable method of evaluating marginal and internal adaptation.
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