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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Friction and wear behavior of chairside CAD-CAM materials against different types of antagonists: An in vitro study

Published:November 22, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2021.09.024

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Studies on the friction and wear behavior of recently introduced chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) restorative materials are lacking.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the wear behavior of chairside CAD-CAM materials against different types of antagonists (human tooth enamel, composite resin, and feldspathic porcelain).

      Material and methods

      Specimens (14×14×2 mm) of different CAD-CAM materials (Brilliant Crios, Lava Ultimate, Vita Enamic, Vita Suprinity) were obtained by using a low-speed precision cutter (n=10). Wear tests were performed with a 20-N load, 2.5-mm/s sliding speed, 1-mm sliding distance, and 1500 cycles via a tribometer according to ASTM-G133. The coefficient of friction (CoF) of the material pairs was measured and recorded by using a special software program. Surface roughness (Ra), maximum wear depth, and mean maximum wear depth were measured with a profilometer, and values were analyzed by using 2-way ANOVA and the Bonferroni correction. Vickers hardness of CAD-CAM specimens was determined with a microhardness tester. Microhardness values were analyzed by using 1-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests. Worn surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy and a 3D noncontact profilometer to determine the wear pattern and primary wear mechanisms.

      Results

      Significant differences were found in the interactions between CAD-CAM materials and different types of antagonists (P<.001) for maximum wear depth, mean maximum wear depth, CoF, and Ra values.

      Conclusions

      Vita Suprinity exhibited superior wear resistance and Ra against all antagonists compared with other CAD-CAM materials. However, Vita Suprinity increased the destructive effects on antagonists. The safety of CAD-CAM materials is best determined when the wear behavior of materials and their effect on the antagonist are evaluated together.
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