Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Biomechanical behavior of endocrown restorations with different cavity design and CAD-CAM materials under a static and vertical load: A finite element analysis


      Statement of problem

      The influence of different restorative materials, the divergence angle, and the preparation design of the pulp chamber floor in endocrowns on stress distribution is unclear.


      The purpose of this finite element analysis study was to evaluate the stress distribution and maximum von Mises stress values in endocrown restorations and remaining teeth.

      Material and methods

      An endodontically treated first mandibular molar was prepared with 2-mm occlusal reduction, a butt-joint margin, and a mesial box with a 4-mm buccolingual extension to receive an endocrown restoration. The model was then scanned, and the exported standard tessellation language file was designed according to the anatomic references by using a computer-aided design software program. The reference model was duplicated, and 27 variations were formed: restorations made of IPS e.max, Vitablocs MarkII, and Vita Enamic, as well as different divergence angles of 6, 12, and 16 degrees prepared with 3 variations of pulp chamber floor designs, keeping the natural form, adding a 1-mm glass ionomer pulp chamber base, and adding a 2-mm extension into the distal canal. Stress distribution under axial loading and maximum von Mises stress values were analyzed and calculated by using the Ansys software program.


      The endocrown restoration presented the lowest von Mises stress values when a 6-degree divergence angle was used with Vitablocs MarkII. However, in other layers such as enamel, resin cement, and pulpal floor, the lowest von Mises stress values were observed in IPS e.max restorative material when the divergence angle was increased to 16 degrees. No difference was found in the stress distribution pattern and maximum von Mises stress values in the alveolar bone or periodontal ligament.


      Endocrowns fabricated with lithium disilicate ceramics without intraradicular extension exhibited lower stresses on tooth structure. An increase in the divergence angle improved the stress distribution on tooth structure; however, sound dental tissue should not be removed to achieve better stress distribution.
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