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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Effects of composite resin core level and periodontal pocket depth on crack propagation in endodontically treated teeth: An extended finite element method study

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      Preserving teeth with radicular cracks with or without a periodontal pocket is an alternative to extraction. However, an effective protocol for the restoration of radicular cracks is lacking.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this study was to examine the composite resin core level and periodontal pocket depth effects on stress distribution, maximum von Mises stress, and crack propagation in endodontically treated teeth by using the extended finite element (FE) method.

      Material and methods

      Four 3-dimensional models of a cracked endodontically treated mandibular first molar were constructed: PP2C2 (periodontal pocket depth, 2 mm; composite resin core level, 2 mm below the canal orifice level); PP2C4 (periodontal pocket depth, 2 mm; composite resin core level, 2 mm below the crack level); PP4C2 (periodontal pocket depth, 4 mm; composite resin core level, 2 mm below the canal orifice level); and PP4C4 (periodontal pocket depth, 4 mm; composite resin core level, 2 mm below the crack level). The crack initiation was at the same level in all models. A static 700-N load was applied to the models in a vertical direction.

      Results

      The highest stress in dentin was observed in PP2C2, whereas PP2C4 exhibited the lowest stress and least crack propagation. Stress was high in the dentin and supporting bone. No reduction in crack propagation was observed in the PP4 models, regardless of the composite resin core level.

      Conclusions

      The periodontal pocket depth (2 mm and 4 mm) and composite resin core level (2 mm below the crack level and 2 mm below the canal orifice level) affected stress concentration in dentin, resulting in different patterns of crack propagation in the FE models.
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