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Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Wear of various restorative materials against 5Y-ZP zirconia

Published:September 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2022.07.009

      Abstract

      Statement of problem

      The ceramic 5-mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (5Y-ZP) has been developed for dental use in the esthetic zone with greater translucency than 3-mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-ZP). However, studies on the wear behavior of 5Y-ZP zirconia against clinically relevant antagonist materials are lacking.

      Purpose

      The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the wear behavior of 5Y-ZP zirconia against the antagonists 5Y-ZP zirconia, lithium disilicate, palladium alloy, and human enamel.

      Materials and methods

      Flat specimens (n=8) were fabricated from 5Y-ZP zirconia, lithium disilicate, palladium alloy, and human central incisor enamel. A custom wear-simulating device with a sliding pin-on-plate configuration was used for a total of 120 000 wear cycles at 1.6-Hz frequency under a 49-N vertical load while submerged in distilled water at room temperature. The wear volume and maximum wear depth of flat specimens were evaluated with a 3D profilometer. Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the characteristics of the worn surfaces.

      Results

      After wear simulation, the 5Y-ZP zirconia and palladium-silver alloy specimens exhibited the least amount of material loss, both in terms of maximum wear depth and wear volume (0.079 ±0.042 μm, 0.001 ±0.001 mm3 and 0.637 ±0.307 μm, 0.001 ±0.000 mm3, respectively). This was followed by human enamel (6.034 ±1.086 μm, 0.009 ±0.001 mm3) and by lithium disilicate, which showed excessive material loss (38.342 ±2.569 μm, 0.213 ±0.024 mm3). Scanning electron microscopy revealed variations in wear mechanisms among the materials.

      Conclusions

      The 5Y-ZP zirconia and palladium-silver alloy exhibited the lowest wear, followed by human enamel and lithium disilicate. Slight grain dislodgement was displayed on worn 5Y-ZP surfaces, while more apparent grain dislodgement and wear grooves were found on lithium disilicate. Plastic deformation of worn palladium-silver alloy accumulated at the end of wear track. Cracks were detected in the human enamel specimens.
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