Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Research and Education|Articles in Press

Fracture load of 4-unit interim fixed partial dentures using 3D-printed and traditionally manufactured materials

Published:February 16, 2023DOI:


      Statement of problem

      How the fracture strength of recently introduced 3-dimensionally (3D) printed interim materials compares with that of conventional materials is unclear.


      The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the fracture load of 4-unit interim fixed partial dentures made from 3 different materials before and after mastication simulation.

      Material and methods

      Based on a master model of a 4-unit fixed partial denture with maxillary left first premolar and second molar abutment teeth, interim restorations were fabricated from 3 different materials (3D-printed, Temporary CB Resin, milled, PMMA for brain, and manually manufactured, Luxatemp Plus). The fixed partial dentures (n=30 for each material) were cemented on 3D-printed model abutment teeth that were connected via a thin latex layer to a polyurethane base block. The fracture load of 15 fixed partial dentures of each material was tested without aging. Another 15 fixed partial dentures of each material were tested after thermomechanical aging.


      The mean fracture load was between 186 N and 661 N, and all materials showed significant lower fracture loads after aging. Before and after aging (before/after ±standard deviation) milled (661 ±59/568 ±52 N) achieved the highest loads before manually manufactured (621 ±100/478 ±96 N) and 3D-printed (294 ±83/186 ±70).


      The 3D-printed interim restoration material and the inherent manufacturing process show significant lower fracture loads than the tested alternatives. However, as the influence of geometric differences could not be quantified, whether this remains true after correcting for geometric differences remains unclear. For the tested interim materials, thermocycling and mastication simulation significantly reduced fracture loads over time, even at loads as low as 50 N.
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