Statement of problem
Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled titanium bars have shown good clinically acceptable passive fit and definitive marginal fit; however, investigations into the passive fit and definitive marginal fit of prefabricated CAD-CAM milled titanium bars are lacking.
The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare and evaluate the passive fit and definitive marginal fit of prefabricated and conventional CAD-CAM milled titanium bars.
Material and methods
A total of 10 polyurethane radiopaque anatomic completely edentulous mandibular models had implants (Biohorizons) placed in the left and right canine and second premolar positions using a 3-dimensionally printed fully guided surgical guide. For the conventional bars, impressions were made, and casts were scanned and exported to a software program (exocad 3.0). For the prefabricated bars, the surgical plans were exported from the software program directly. The Sheffield test was used to evaluate the passive fit of the bars, and marginal fit was evaluated with a scanning electron microscope at ×50 magnification. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to determine that the data were normally distributed; the data are presented using mean and standard deviation. Group comparisons were made with the independent t test (α=.05).
The passive and marginal fit of the conventional bars was better than that of the prefabricated bars. The mean ±standard deviation values for passive fit were 75.2 ±13.7 μm for conventional bars and 94.7 ±16.0 μm for prefabricated bars (P<.001). A statistically significant difference (P<.001) was also found between the marginal fit of the conventional bars 18.7 ±6.1 μm and the prefabricated bars 56.3 ±13.0 μm.
Conventional CAD-CAM milled titanium bars had a better passive and marginal fit than prefabricated CAD-CAM milled titanium bars; however, both had clinically acceptable passive fit ranging from 75.2 to 94.7 μm and definitive marginal fit ranging from 18.7 to 56.3 μm.
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Published online: April 17, 2023
Funding: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
© 2023 by the Editorial Council for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.