- Dental fluorosis and hypocalcification manifest as white spot lesions and/or brown discolorations. With dental fluorosis, mottled layers in enamel can also be present depending on severity. Treatment options have varied in such situations, depending on severity, and can range from conservative to more invasive. This clinical report focuses on a combination of bleaching and resin infiltration as one of the more conservative treatment options.
- Traumatic dental injuries most commonly occur to the maxillary central incisors, occasionally resulting in tooth discoloration and prompting affected patients to seek dental treatment. Other negative sequelae of trauma to teeth include root resorption that can complicate definitive treatment planning to manage discoloration. This article describes the conservative esthetic management of discolored traumatized teeth through the inside/outside bleaching technique after endodontic therapy for external inflammatory root resorption.
- Dental fluorosis is a condition that produces unesthetic coloration of enamel because of excessive fluoride ingestion during enamel formation. Its appearance can range in severity from mildly white and opaque to dark brown and can lead a patient to seek dental treatment. Historically, these lesions have been masked, either with direct or indirect restorations, but more conservative treatment options are now available, including the combination of microabrasion and bleaching. This clinical report describes the use of these treatment options to address a young patient’s dental fluorosis.
- A maxillary midline diastema (MMD) is a common complaint of dental patients. An MMD can be closed with treatment from different disciplines, including operative dentistry and orthodontics. A comprehensive smile analysis is also a necessity before beginning treatment. This article highlights the closure of a 3-mm MMD by using a combination of orthodontics and direct composite resin restorations.